What is IELTS Writing Task 1?
IELTS Writing Test Task 1 for the academic module is a data analysis task.
To get a good score, you have to know how to comment on and write about different kinds of data.
IELTS Writing Task 1 – Types of data representation
The data provided in writing task 1 can be represented in various ways.
You might see any of these on writing task 1:
- Pie charts
- Line graphs
- Bar graphs
IELTS Writing Task 1 – Analysis of data
Look at the data carefully when you read task 1.
Then analyse the data and plan your comments before you write anything.
Your essay response can comment on the following:
- What is being represented?
- What is the biggest change?
- What is the smallest change_
- Which items have remained stable?
How to Structure IELTS Writing Task 1
For IELTS writing task 1 in the academic module, you have to write a report on the data.
However, you won’t see any specific instructions about what aspects of the data you should comment on and analyse.
There might be many different things that you can comment on, so you need to decide which things are the most important.
In general, teachers sometimes say that IELTS writing task 1 has three parts:
- Introduction of the data
- Report of significant details
- Description of trends
Remember to discuss the significant details before describing any trends.
Placing the three parts of the report in this order is important because the significant aspects often affect the overall trends.
IELTS Writing Task 1 – Introduction
Your first one or two sentences should state exactly what data is being represented.
Do not repeat phrases from the title of the graph or from the exam question in your essay response.
IELTS Writing Task 1 – Significant Details
Then write two or three well-developed sentences on the significant aspects of the data.
To determine which details are the most significant, first see which years are the highest and the lowest for each group.
You should also determine if there is any dramatic change for any group in any particular year.
In addition, you may need to compare and contrast some of the details.
IELTS Writing Task 1 – Trends
Look at each of the groups represented in the table or chart year by year.
Then determine whether the amounts for each data group have increased, decreased, remained more or less stable, or fluctuated during the entire time represented.